Back in 1985, Rajiv Gandhi, the former prime minister of India, made a statement that the pedia shops in our country are providing food grain to the people but only 15 % of this food is reaching to the people that means there is over 85% of leakage is present in the system
Let us take an example of a pension scheme. Suppose that the government has provided the pension to the people of our country who are above 65 age. That means the pension benefit given by the Indian government and the people of 65 are beneficiaries. Their pension(benefits) will reach the (beneficiaries) through a middle man. Now here the two problems are.:
Suppose that the government is giving Rs. 500 as pension to the people but when the pension is proving by the middleman then only Rs 200 reaches the beneficiary that means there is a leakage in the system caused by the corrupt middleman.
Let us assume that 1000 people in the particular area of our country are eligible for this pension scheme but these corrupt middlemen are raising the number of people (only in documents) so that they can get the extra benefits and at last the extra money is pocketed by this middleman. This is known as duplicacy.
Here the government thinks that they need to solve the problem of leakage and duplicacy by giving the unique identification number to the people of our country in the form of Aadhar with this the duplication problem will be take care of “How?” The government is giving you a unique Aadhar number based on your fingerprints and eyes scan and this bio-metric data is unique for every individual so there is no chance of duplicacy of the beneficiary
To resolve the problem of leakage, the government thinks of removing the middleman from the entire procedure and deposit the amount of directly into the bank account of beneficiaries. To ensure that there is no fake account of beneficiaries, they linked to the bank account to the Aadhar Card